Iliotibial band is the leg's fibrous tissues. Iliotibial band and thigh muscles help to stabilize the knee joint. Iliotibial band syndrome is the following situation: iliotibial band becomes inflamed, causing lateral knee pain.
During walking or running, iliotibial band rubs the lateral femoral epicondyle, making the surrounding region prone to inflammation. The common symptoms include: knee irritation, knee stinging sensation, tissue swelling or thickening, moving difficulty.
The common causes include: excessive running training, cycling, hiking, rowing, leg-length discrepancies. The patient should avoid excessive training or aggravating activities, and use the following methods to reduce the inflammation: ice packs, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy or cortisone injection.