Anterior compartment syndrome occurs often due to the following situation: tibialis anterior muscle becomes too large, the muscle sheath is too small; this increases the pressure and hinders blood flow.
Anterior compartment syndrome has two types: chronic and acute. The chronic syndrome is the most common type, often due to muscle overuse - this often occurs in athlete training. Vigorous exercise may cause the acute syndrome, which requires immediate medical attention.
Anterior compartment syndrome often causes the lower leg pain, muscle swelling or foot weakness. Proper rest, massage or anti-inflammatory medication can be used to alleviate the symptoms.