Elbow hyperextension occurs often due to the following situation: the elbow joint, tendons or muscles, stretch beyond the normal limit. When the elbow overly stretches or bends, the ligaments and muscles are prone to injury.
Elbow hyperextension can cause joint pain, swelling, and bending difficulty. Cold therapy and proper rest can alleviate symptoms. Ultrasound treatment can also be used to reduce pain and swelling.
Sports injury or accident often cause elbow hyperextension injuries. Most cases are not severe, and require only the following treatment: cold therapy, rest, proper elbow support. But in some cases, the injury may become permanent, and requires orthopedic surgery.