Herniated disc is the following situation: spine disc becomes protruding, prolapsed, or ruptured, thus compressing the spinal nerves and causing pain. This usually occurs in the lower back spine, and often affects adults (aged from 30 to 40).
Herniated disc is usually due to injuries. The usual risk factors include: acute trauma, spine disc degeneration, weight-lifting, obesity, smoking. This may also occur in the neck spine.
The common symptoms include numbness, tingling, weakness, moving difficulty. Depending on the location, these symptoms can affect the lower back, legs, knees, neck, shoulder, arm or hand. The usual treatment options include: bed rest, cold therapy, physiotherapy, anti-inflammatory medications, surgery.