Scoliosis means abnormal spine curves: kyphosis, lordosis and other abnormalities. Scoliosis usually affects females, and it has the following types: congenital, idiopathic, degenerative, neuromuscular.

Besides the abnormal spine curves, scoliosis may also cause the following symptoms: uneven musculature, rib prominence, breath shortness, chest pain, back pain, asymmetric breast, diminishing lung capacity.

Congenital scoliosis is due to vertebral anomalies at birth. Idiopathic scoliosis tends to occur in different life periods: infantile, juvenile, adolescent, or adult. Degenerative scoliosis occurs in older adults, due to arthritis, bone spurs and deteriorating soft tissues. Neuromuscular scoliosis is usually due to spinal defects, muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy.